Two conceivable solutions for the hindu-muslim problem

 

The real problem introduced by the Mussulman conquest

 

was not that of subjection to a foreign rule and the ability to

 

recover freedom, but the struggle between two civilisations, one

 

ancient and indigenous, the other mediaeval and brought in

 

from outside. That which rendered the problem insoluble was

 

the attachment of each to a powerful religion, the one militant

 

and aggressive, the other spiritually tolerant indeed and flexible,

 

but obstinately faithful in its discipline to its own principle

 

and standing on the defence behind a barrier of social forms.

 

There were two conceivable solutions, the rise of a greater

 

spiritual principle and formation which could reconcile the two

 

or a political patriotism surmounting the religious struggle and

 

uniting the two communities. The first was impossible in that

 

age. Akbar attempted it on theMussulman side, but his religion

 

Indian Polity – 4 443

 

was an intellectual and political rather than a spiritual creation

 

and had never any chance of assent from the strongly religious

 

mind of the two communities. Nanak attempted it from the

 

Hindu side, but his religion, universal in principle, became a

 

sect in practice. Akbar attempted also to create a common

 

political patriotism, but this endeavour too was foredoomed to

 

failure.

 

 

 

VOLUME 20

 

THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SRI AUROBINDO p442-443

 

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