The Needed Synthesis
What is the Synthesis needed at the present time?
Undoubtedly, that of man himself. The harmony of his faculties
is the condition of his peace, their mutual understanding and
helpfulness the means of his perfection. At war, they distract
the kingdom of his being; the victory of one at the expense of
another maims his self-fulfilment.
The peculiar character of our age is the divorce that has
been pronounced between reason and faith, the logical mind
and the intuitive heart. At first, the declaration of war between
them was attended by painful struggles, a faith disturbed or a
scepticism dissatisfied. But now their divorce has created exaggerated
tendencies which impoverish human life by their mutual
exclusiveness, on the one side a negative and destructive critical
spirit, on the other an imaginative sentiment which opposes pure
instinct and a faith founded on dreams to the sterile fanaticism
of the intellect.
Yet a real divorce is impossible. Science could not move a
step without faith and intuition and today it is growing full of
dreams. Religion could not stand for a moment if it did not
support itself by the intellectual presentation, however inadequate,
of profound truths. Today we see it borrowing many
of its weapons from the armoury of its opponent. But a right
synthesis in virtue of a higher and reconciling truth can alone
dissipate their mutual misunderstandings and restore to the race
its integral self-development.
The synthesis then of religious aspiration and scientific faculty,
as a beginning; and in the resultant progress an integrality
also of the inner existence. Love and knowledge, the delight of
the Bhakta and the divine science of the knower of Brahman,
have to effect their unity; and both have to recover the fullness
440 The Question of the Month
of Life which they tend to banish from them in the austerity of
their search or the rapture of their ecstasy.
The heart and the mind are one universal Deity and neither
a mind without a heart nor a heart without a mind is the human
ideal. Nor is any perfection sound and real unless it is also
fruitful. The integral divine harmony within, but as its result a
changed earth and a nobler and happier humanity.
CWSA Vol 13 p 339-344