Extract from a chapter of A Vision of United India by Kittu Reddy

Extract from a chapter of A Vision of United India by Kittu Reddy

Chapter 13

Summary and Conclusion

Before we close, let us make a recapitulation of

the points discussed in the book.

First, India has been culturally and spiritually a

nation from the most ancient times; the Vedic

Rishis made it one their fundamental tasks to

create this spiritual unity.

However, despite the cultural and spiritual unity,

political unity was not attained for a sufficiently

durable time despite many heroic attempts. We

have analyzed the reasons for this failure and

come to the following conclusions.

The chief reason of the failure was the excess of

the centralizing tendency, which came inevitably

with the formation of empires. It subconsciously

led to the wearing out of the freedom and vigour

of the subordinate units. As a consequence, the

attempt to establish a centralized imperial

monarchy brought with it not a free synthesis but

a breaking down of regional autonomies.

The lesson to be learnt from this is that India can

be politically united only on a federal basis; the

units in the Indian Union have to be given a large

freedom and due respect.

Second, after the advent of the Muslim civilization

into India, a new problem was created which

came in the way of a politically united India. This


was the clash of two ancient civilizations and

religions. However, the real problem introduced by

the Mussulman conquest was not that of

subjection to a foreign rule and the ability to

recover freedom, but the struggle between two

civilizations, one ancient and indigenous, the

other mediaeval and brought in from outside. That

which apparently rendered the problem insoluble

was the attachment of each to a powerful religion,

the one militant and aggressive, the other

spiritually tolerant indeed and flexible, but

obstinately faithful in its discipline to its own

principle and standing on the defense behind a

barrier of social forms. There were two

conceivable solutions, the rise of a greater

spiritual principle and formation, which could

reconcile the two or a political patriotism

surmounting the religious struggle and uniting the

two communities.

During the freedom struggle an attempt was made

to create this political patriotism and was partially

successful but in the end the religious intolerance

and mistrust took over and the result was the

partition of the country.

It is now high time to attempt the solution of the

problem on both these lines. The institution of

SAARC is itself a first step and opportunity in this

direction and this forum can be used to create

patriotism on both political and economic lines.

As for religion, we shall quote this passage from

the Mother to illustrate the solution.

“The conflict of religions arises because each one

claims the exclusive truth and demands a

complete adherence to it by the method of dogma,

ritual, ceremony and prescribed acts. The solution

would be, first to recognise that the real truth of

religion is in the spiritual experiences of which it is

an outer formulation. To transcend therefore the

outer form, and insist on the spiritual experience

and in addition to recognise that there can be


infinite and valid varieties of spiritual experiences

is the important step in the solution. It is not by

insisting on religion that India and the world can

be reconstructed. The new world will transcend

religions and will insist on the purity of spiritual


Instead of taking religions in their outward forms,

which are precisely dogmas and intellectual

conceptions, if we take them in their spirit, in the

principle they represent there is no difficulty in

unifying them. They are simply different aspects of

human progress, which complete each other

perfectly well and should be united with many

others yet to form a more total and more complete

progress, a more integral approach to the Divine.

India’s attempt in her religion was to some extent

directed to this inner perception; it is at present

lost but we must now place forward this

perception clearly and radically, not revive religion

or religious spirit, but present the ideal of spiritual

perfection which consists of an integral realisation

of the spirit and its full manifestation on physical


To pursue this to its logical conclusion, we have to

set up institutions, which will make a detailed

study of all religions in their deeper meaning and

bring about a reconciliation of all religions. More it

has to lead to the generalisation of Yoga, which is

a practical way of attaining to the spiritual

consciousness. In other words Yoga has to be

generalised. This is the line of thought and action

that the political leaders and more particularly the

religious heads of these two communities should

stress. If this is done with sincerity and

persistence, it should be possible to create the

conditions for the emergence of a great synthesis

of all the religions and thus open the way for a

true spiritual flowering of India and eventually of

the world.


The third point that has to be followed is that the

political system we have been following for the

last 50 years and more is totally unsuitable for

India. We have to get back to our roots and create

a national government, which will reconcile all the

aspirations of the different groups and

communities. This cannot be done by means of

the party system; for the party system is leading

only to division and confrontation, instead of

harmony and understanding.

The fourth point is that even in today’s India we

have a living example of this unity and national

integration in the Armed Forces. It will be

worthwhile to make a detailed study of the

working of the Armed Forces and incorporate

whatever is possible into the mainstream of the

national life.

Finally, as a first practical step some suggestions

are being made which one can start implementing


  • Ensure that a uniform civil law is put in

place. This has to be done by a detailed

discussion with all the communities.

  • Eliminate the policy of reservations in

gradual steps. The reservations that are made

should be for the economically handicapped and

the physically handicapped.

  • Stop all religious conversions. Let each

citizen of India follow his own religion without


  • Scrupulously screen all funds coming from

abroad to religious and other organisations so that

they are used only for genuine purposes.

  • Ensure that funds given to Hindu temples by

the citizens of India are not taken over by the

State; instead create a body independent of the


State, but chosen by the temple authorities

themselves, to handle these funds.

  • Create a Central University and institutions

with the purpose of studying, integrating,

harmonising and synthesising all religions.

If these steps are pursued sincerely and

steadfastly, there will inevitably come about a

deep psychological unity leading to a

confederation of India, which will include all the

countries of the subcontinent. This will be the

natural and final outcome and culminate in a

lasting and durable political unification.

The need to move towards a confederation of


As these steps are taken and a sense of unity

begins to prevail in the subcontinent, there will

result a movement towards creating a

confederation. This confederation of India will

include all the States within SAARC and at a later

stage could even include Afghanistan and

Myanmar. However, certain conditions have to be

kept in mind and scrupulously fulfilled. The first

condition is that the Indian government must

scrupulously respect the free internal life and will,

the social, cultural, economic tendencies of the

sub-nations while giving them an equal part with

herself in the management of the great common

questions of the confederation. India herself can

be nothing more in the future of such a new type

of aggregate than a political and cultural centre,

the clamp or nodus of the union. Given this

orientation of the governing mind in India, nothing

short of some unforeseen cataclysm can prevent

the formation of a confederation in which each

part will preserve its individuality and yet be part

of the larger unity.

This is at least the hope and dream that we

cherish. Time alone will show how and when this

will become a reality.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s